Person NameForth Ports plc; 1992-
ActivityGrangemouth Harbour and Docks originate in works for the Forth and Clyde Canal, which was opened in 1790 after many years’ preparation. Grangemouth quickly became a very busy port, with about 50 ships visiting the port per week in 1814. Continuing improvements required to be made during the 19th century, with what is now the Old Dock being opened in 1843, but increasing trade also required measures to ensure that the canal traffic would not be disrupted by frost. A railway line from the docks, the Grangemouth Branch Line, to join with the Stirlingshire Midland Line at Grahamston, Falkirk was opened in 1860. There were considerable railway company amalgamations a few years later. The Caledonian Railway, which represented significant interests in the Lanarkshire area, decided that the best means to protect their investments was to secure for themselves the Forth and Clyde Canal and associated works, including Grangemouth Docks, and this was achieved by the Act of 20 July 1867 (30 & 31 Vict., ch. cvi). Traffic continued to increase: the Carron Dock was opened in 1882, and the Grange Dock was opened in 1906. Other works were always required, particularly dredging operations to prevent the build-up of mud.The Caledonian Railway became part of the London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) from 1 July 1923 under the North Western, Midland and West Scottish Group Amalgamation Scheme 1922. The LMS was vested in the British Transport Commission (BTC) as from 1 January 1948 under the Transport Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo. VI, c.49) which nationalised the railways. On nationalisation, the railways’ coal and general ports, and its canals, were organised within the Docks and Inland Waterways Executive of the BTC, although that Executive was abolished by the Transport Act 1953 (1 & 2 Eliz. II, c.13), whereupon BTC assumed its powers. The Transport Act 1962 (10 & 11 Eliz. II, c.46) broke up BTC into its main components. It also created the British Transport Docks Board, which had responsibility for BTC's docks interests only. A National Ports Council was created to consider the future of British ports, and it proposed that re-organisation should be attempted on an estuarial basis. Under the Forth Harbour Reorganisation Scheme Confirmation (Special Procedure) Act 1967 (ch.xli), the Forth Ports Authority was constituted and had vested in it all fixed or moveable property of the British Transport Docks Board in Grangemouth harbour, and other ports of the Forth estuary. The Forth Ports Authority was privatised by flotation on the stock market in 1992, becoming Forth Ports plc, following the Forth Ports Authority Scheme 1992 Confirmation Order 1992 (S.I. 1992/546).
Corporate NameForth Ports plc
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