Person NamePeterhead Landward School Board; 1873-1919; Aberdeenshire
ActivityPeterhead Landward School Board covered the area of Peterhead civil parish on the coast of north east Aberdeenshire. There were four schools in the parish in 1873: Tortorston, Burnhaven, Boddam and Blackmill. These provided accommodation for a total of 339 pupils, and in addition the Board controlled the north wing of the Parish School, which housed another 90 children. Burnhaven (rebuilt in 1887 and enlarged in 1901) and Boddam (rebuilt in 1876 and extended in 1909) were transferred to Board control in August 1873. The other two, Tortorston and Blackmill, were the property of the Merchant Maiden Hospital, Edinburgh, which was willing to sell them but the Board felt they could not afford them, and therefore decided to build new schools at Cocklaw and Tortorston. However, by 1875 they had decided instead to buy the old schools. The Education (Scotland) Act 1872 (35 & 36 Vict., c.62) created school boards in Scotland with a statutory duty to provide education for all children between the ages of 5 and 13. The boards had an elected membership made up of owners and occupiers of property of the value of £4 or over. They were responsible for the building and maintenance of schools, staffing and attendance of pupils. They were overseen by the Scotch Board of Education. The Education (Scotland) Act 1901 (64 Vict. and 1 Edw. VII, c.9) raised the school leaving age to 14. School boards were abolished by the Education (Scotland) Act 1918 (8 & 9 Geo. V, c.48) and replaced by education authorities and school management committees.
Corporate NamePeterhead Landward School Board
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