Person NameMenmuir Parochial Board; 1845-1895
ActivityThe Poor Law (Scotland) Act, 1845 (8 & 9 Vict. Cap 83) established parochial boards in all of the parishes of Scotland. The Act also established a Board of Supervision in Edinburgh with wide powers of control over the parochial boards. The constitution of the boards in rural areas depended on whether or not they imposed a poor rate. If they did not, they would be composed simply of the heritors and members of the kirk session; if they did, they were required to add to the heritors and kirk session a varying number of members elected locally. Only a minority of parishes were legally assessed for poor rates in 1845, but the situation gradually changed and in 1862 only a minority of parishes did not impose a rate. The entitlement to relief remained unchanged and was limited to the aged and infirm. Each parochial board was compelled to appoint an inspector of the poor who was in charge of relief. Other functions were added to the parochial boards' duties, including those under the Public Health (Scotland) Act, 1867 (30 & 31 Vict. Cap 101) which delegated responsibilities for the regulation of lodging houses, removal of nuisances, construction of sewers, water supply and the control of infectious diseases. They were given the power to appoint medical and sanitary inspectors and to form special drainage and water districts. The public health powers were transferred to county councils by the Local Government (Scotland) Act, 1889 (52 & 53 Victoria cap 50). Special drainage districts and water districts were replaced by parish councils in the Local Government (Scotland) Act, 1894 (60 & 61 Victoria cap 38).
Corporate NameMenmuir Parochial Board
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