Person NameDundee Licensing Court
ActivityThe manufacture and sale of liquor has been supervised by burgh magistrates from a very early date, but the modern system of liquor licensing, by Justices of the Peace in counties and by magistrates in burghs, was only imported from England in the mid-18th century (29 Geo.II, c.12; 5 Geo.III, c.46). From 1765 there was a legal requirement on the magistrates to meet annually for licensing purposes. Development of the law thereafter was complex, but the basic principle was that the magistrates granted, not a licence, but a certificate, which was a necessary precondition to the grant of a licence by the Commissioners of Customs and Excise. To retail liquor without such a licence was a criminal offence. The Forbes Mackenzie Act of 1853 (16 & 17 Vict., c.67) established that grocers' certificates were strictly for sale for consumption off the premises (hence 'off-licences’). Among much other legislation, there were two substantial codifying statutes in 1903 and 1959 (Licensing (Scotland) Act, 1903, 3 Edw.VII, c.25; Licensing (Scotland) Act, 1959, c.51). Licensing courts were held by town councillors, whose functions were more administrative than judicial, and they were in effect council committees with special statutory powers. An appeal from their decisions could be made to a Licensing Appeal Court, composed half of magistrates and half of Justices of the Peace.
Corporate NameDundee Licensing Court
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