JurisdictionBerwickshire County Council
Person NameBerwickshire County Council; Education Department; School Board and Management Committee; 1929-1975
ActivityPrior to 1872 education in Scotland was in the hands of the heritors and kirk session of a parish and the town councils. The Education (Scotland) Act 1872 (35 & 36 Vict., c 62) created School Boards in Scotland with a statutory duty to provide education for all children between the ages of 5 and 13. The boards had an elected membership made up of owners and occupiers of property of the value of £4 or over. They were responsible for the building and maintenance of schools, staffing and attendance of pupils. They were overseen by the Scotch Board of Education. The Education (Scotland) Act 1901 (64 Vict. and 1 Edw. VII, c 9) raised the school leaving age to 14. School Boards were abolished by the Education (Scotland) Act 1918 (8 & 9 Geo V, c 48) and replaced by School Management Committees. They represented individual burghs, parishes or groups of parishes and were composed of representatives of teachers, parents, and the education authority. They were replaced by sub-committees or local education sub-committees by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo VI, c 43). The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c 65) abolished local education sub-committees, authorities and school management committees.
Corporate NameEducation Department
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