Person NameNational Galleries of Scotland; 1859-
ActivityIn 1859, a building was constructed next to Princes Street, Edinburgh, to alleviate the overcrowding in the nearby Royal Institution. It was designed to house a national art collection and the annual exhibitions of the Royal Scottish Academy, and was begun by Sir William Playfair. Associated with it, the National Portrait Gallery was built in Queen Street in 1882, allowing the national collection to expand: this was given even more room in 1906 when the Royal Scottish Academy moved back to its original home in the Royal Institution building. The national collection concentrated a good deal on the Scottish School of painting, benefitting from generous donations from individuals as well as its own purchasing power. It was overseen by trustees, known as the Board of Trustees of Manufactures in Scotland, which had been established in 1760 and also ran the Royal Institution. The third part of the National Galleries, the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, was established in 1960 in the Botanic Gardens, but moved to John Watson’s School in 1983 where it is still flourishing. By then the original National Gallery had been extended in several ways, including an underground wing. The galleries are now known collectively as the National Galleries of Scotland.
Corporate NameNational Galleries of Scotland
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