Person NameForeign Mission Committee of the Church of Scotland; 1824-1929
ActivityThe Church of Scotland resolved in 1824 to enter the Foreign Mission field,and sent its first missionaries to Bombay in 1829 (later taking over the work of the Scottish Missionary Society), to Calcutta in 1830, to Poona in 1834, and to Madras in 1837. The Disruption of 1843 caused the loss of most of the missionaries and missionary spirit, but after a period of retrenchment advance began again, in the Punjab (1857), in Poona (1864), in the Eastern Himalayas (1870), at Blantyre, Nyasaland (1876), at I'chang, China (1878), at Kikuyu, Kenya (1901, taking over the work of the East Africa Scottish Mission), at Iringa, Tanganyika (1920, taking over the work of the Berliner Missionsgesellschaft). Prior to the union with the United Free Chruch in 1929, local cooperation resulted in the formation of joint colleges in Madras and in Calcutta.In 1929 it took over the work of the missionaries in the United Presbyterian Church / United Free Church of Scotland / Free Church of Scotland. At the Disruption of 1843, the missionaries in India of the Church of Scotland and in Kaffraria of the Glasgow Missionary Society adhered, almost without exception, to the Free Church. New missions were later founded in Nagpur (1845), Jalna (1855), Santalia (1871), Livingstonia (1875) and Aden (1886): further the union in 1876 with the Reformed Presbyterian Church brought with it the New Hebrides mission.The United Presbyterian Church, formed in 1847 by the union of the United Secession and Relief Churches, inherited from its Secession part missions in the West Indies and in Calabar, Nigeria: soon after the union it took over the work in Jamaica of the Scottish Missionary Society and that in Kaffraria of the Glasgow South African Missionary Society. Missions were later established in Rajputana (1860), Manchuria (1872), and Japan (1873). In addition to foreign missions in the strict sense, the United Presbyterian Church Foreign Mission Committee was for a long period concerned with Colonial and Jewish mission work, the former especially in Canada, the latter in various centres in Europe (especially Spain) and North Africa, and also with evangelical churches in Europe. After the union with the Free Church of Scotland in 1900, the two secretaries of the Foreign Mission Committees remained in office as Joint Secretaries, each dealing in general with the same mission-fields as previously.In 1908 the Church of Scotland and United Free Church missions in Calcutta merged to form the Scottish Churches Mission Board.Other missions were taken over by the churches in the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The Scottish Missionary Society (until 1818 the Edinburgh Missionary Society) was founded in 1796, and established missions in Jamaica (1800), the Caucasus (1802) and Bombay (1823). The first was transferred to the United Presbyterian Church in 1847, the second was terminated in 1835, and the third was transferred to the Church of Scotland in 1835. The East Africa Scottish Mission was founded at Kibwezi in 1891 on the initiative of the Imperial British East Africa Company, and moved to Kikuyu in 1898. It was transferred to the Church of Scotland in 1901. The Madras Christian College, a development of the Free Church Institution, was founded in 1877 with the support of all Protestant missions in South India, but maintained close ties with its parent body. The mission at Arouca, Trinidad, was founded by the Rev. George Brodie on behalf of the United Associate Presbytery of Selkirk, 1844 - 1848. It was transferred to the United Presbyterian Church in 1848.
Corporate NameForeign Mission Committee of the Church of Scotland
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