Record

CodeNA9238
Dates1886-1965
Person NameMathers; George (1886-1965); 1st Baron Mathers of Newtown St. Boswells
SurnameMathers
ForenamesGeorge
Epithet1st Baron Mathers of Newtown St. Boswells
ActivityGeorge, 1st Baron Mathers of Newtown St. Boswells (b 1886), trade unionist and member of parliament, was born on 28 February 1886, the son of George Mathers (1862-1935), Justice of the Peace, and his wife Agnes Davidson. He was educated at Newtown St. Boswell's school and attended evening classes in Edinburgh and Carlisle. He left school aged thirteen and entered the employ of the North British Railway and in time became a railway clerk. In 1907 he moved to Carlisleand became organising secretary of the Carlisle Railway Clerks' Association, vice chairman of the Scottish Western Divisional Council and from 1917-1920, president of the Carlisle Trades Council and Labour Party. He was elected Labour member of Carlisle City Council in 1919 and in 1921 work took him to Edinburgh. He was also chairman of the Edinburgh Central Independent Labour Party, chairman of the Edinburgh branch of the Railway Clerk's ASsociation and President of the Edinburgh Branch of the Scottish Home Rule Association. He was member of parliament for Edinburgh West, 1929-1931, Linlithgowshire, 1935-1950 and West Lothian , 1950-1951. Positions he held are; Parliamentary Private Secretary to Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for India and to the Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1929; Comptroller of H.M. Household, 1944-1945; Treasury 1945-1946; Deputy Chief Whip, 1945-1946; Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 1946-1948 and 1951; President of Edinburgh Y.M.C.A. from 1946; Chairman of British Group of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, 1950-1951, Chairman of the National Temperance Federation from 1950, Chairman of the South East Scotland Regional Hospital Board 1951-1954; Chairman of the Royal Commonwealth Society, Edinburgh Branch, from 1953. He married, firstly, Edith Mary Robinson (d 1938) on 6 June 1916 and, secondly, Jessie Newton on 31 January 1940. He was created Privy Councillor in 1947 and Knight of the Order of the Thistle in 1956. On 30 January 1952 he was created Baron Mathers of Newtown St Boswells, co. Roxburgh, in the peerage of the United Kingdom.
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