Record

CodeNA9097
Dates1616-1682
Person NameMaitland; John (1616-1682); 2nd earl and 1st duke of Lauderdale; secretary of state to Charles II
SurnameMaitland
ForenamesJohn
Title2nd earl and 1st duke of Lauderdale
Epithetsecretary of state to Charles II
ActivityJohn Maitland (1616-1682), second Earl and first Duke of Lauderdale, Secretary of State to Charles II (1630-1685), was born at Lethington on 24 May 1616. He was the eldest surviving son of John (d 1645), second Lord Maitland of Thirlestane, first Earl of Lauderdale from 1624, and Isabel Seton (1638), daughter of Alexander, Earl of Dunfermline, High Chancellor of Scotland. In 1622 he received the abbacy and barony of Haddington. He entered public life as a commissioner of the Solemn League and Covenant, 1643. However, after the first English Civil War, 1642-1646, he subsequently became a royalist supporter of Charles I (1600-1649). He gained the confidence of Charles II (1630-1685) and at the Restoration in 1600 was made Secretary of State to Charles II. In 1661 he received the lordship and regality of Musselburgh, the barony of Cranschawis, the barony and regality of Thirlestane, the lands of Rogerslaw and others. In 1664 he was granted the forest of Lauder. In May 1672 he was made Duke of Lauderdale and Marquis of March. On 25 June 1674 he was made Earl of Guilford and Baron Petersham in the peerage of England. In 1680 he resigned the secretaryship of state to the Earl of Murray due to ill health. He died at Tunbridge Wells in August 1682 and was buried in ceremony at Haddington in 1683. His brother Charles Maitland succeeded him as third Earl of Lauderdale and he left no heir to succeed him in the Dukedom of Lauderdale or in his English peerage. He had married, first, Anne, daughter of Alexander Home, first Earl of Home (? 1566-1619), and second, Elizabeth Murray (d 1697), daughter of William Murray (? 1600-1651), Earl of Dysart, on 17 February 1672. In 1680 he resigned the secretaryship of state to the Earl of Murray due to ill health. He died at Tunbridge Wells in August 1682 and was buried in ceremony at Haddington in 1683. His brother Charles Maitland (d 1691) succeeded him as third Earl of Lauderdale and he left no heir to succeed him in the Dukedom of Lauderdale or in his English peerage.
Add to My Items