Person NameBuchan family; family
ActivityJohn Buchan (1875-1940), 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, author, was Governor-General of Canada. He was born in Perth, Scotland, on 26 August, 1875, the eldest child of John Buchan, Minister of the Free Church of Scotland and Helen, daughter of John Masterson, farmer in Peebleshire. He had three brothers and one sister. One of his brothers was James Walter Buchan who wrote 'Duke of Wellington; A biography' (London, 1914) and 'A history of Peebles-shire' (Glasgow, 1925-1927). His sister Anna Buchan also became an author ['O. Douglas']. John Buchan (1875-1940) attended Hutcheson's Boys Grammar School, Glasgow, and won a scholarship at Brasenose College, Oxford. During his time at Oxford, he won prizes for verse and historical essays and wrote the history of the college for 'University of Oxford: College Histories; Brasenose College' by John Buchan (London, 1898). Subsequently, Buchan went to London and from 1901 studied law and worked as a journalist. He was appointed assistant private secretary to Alfred, Viscount Milner (1854-1925) in South Africa, whom he served from 1901-1903. By 1915 he was writing for 'The Times' on the western front and by 1916 he had become a major in the Intelligence Corps. From 1917 he worked for the Department of Information and became subordinate director when the department became a Ministry. In 1927 he was elected member of Parliament for the Scottish Universities and in 1933 and 1934 was appointed lord high commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. In 1935 he was appointed governor-general of Canada and created Lord Tweedsmuir. He died on 11 February 1940 at Montreal, Canada. In 1907 he had married Susan Charlotte, novelist, eldest daughter of Captain Norman de l'Aigle Grosvenor. They had three sons and one daughter. John Buchan was succeeded by his eldest son John Norman Stuart (b 1911), second baron Tweedsmuir. John Buchan wrote numerous books of literature and history including 'The Thirty-Nine Steps' (Edinburgh, 1915).
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