Person NameFraserburgh Town Council; 1901-1975
ActivityFraserburgh developed from a fishing village called Faithlie and was made a Burgh of Barony by Mary, Queen of Scots (1542 - 1567), in favour of Alexander Fraser, 7th of Philorth, in 1546. In 1601 it was raised to a Burgh of Regality in favour of his grandson, Sir Alexander Fraser (?1537-1623), 8th of Philorth, who was the real founder of the town and who was granted powers to found a University there; the institution only survived until 1605. A burgh of barony was presided over by a feudal superior who had authority from the Crown to administer justice and to hold barony courts dealing with crimes and matters of good neighbourhood up to 1747 and thereafter solely matters of good neighbourhood. Fraserburgh was created a police burgh in 1840 under the Burgh Police (Scotland) Act 1833 (3 & 4 Will. IV, c.46), a creation confirmed under the General Police and Improvement (Scotland) Act 1862 (25 & 26 Vict., c. 101). Burgh administration was carried out by police commissioners who were responsible for the cleansing, lighting, policing and public health of the burgh. The main industries in the town were fishing, particularly for herring, fish-processing and machine tooling. Under the Town Councils (Scotland) Act 1900 (63 & 64 Vict., c. 49) the police commissioners were replaced by Fraserburgh Town Council in January 1901. Fraserburgh Town Council was abolished in 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c. 65). Its powers were assumed by Grampian Regional Council and Banff and Buchan District Council. These in turn were replaced by Aberdeenshire Council in 1996 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1994 (c. 39).
Corporate NameFraserburgh Town Council
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