Record

CodeNA7553
Dates1600-1846
JurisdictionBrechin
Person NameBrechin; Bakers' Incorporation; 1600-1846
ActivityThe power to grant incorporated status to trades rested with the magistrates of royal burghs. Brechin's magistrates granted this privilege to the Shoemakers on 3 October 1600. In Brechin the following trades were granted the right to form an Incorporation: hammermen, glovers, bakers, shoemakers, weavers, tailors, bonnetmakers and fleshers. The last two do not appear to have exercised their privilege. The earliest Brechin Bakers' records are missing and minute books only survive from 1755. Legal documents and other miscellaneous papers have survived from 1602. The Incorporation continued for some time after the official dissolution of the institution.An incorporated trade was granted the right to monopolise and control their trade within the burgh. They set strict guidelines controlling workmanship within the Incorporation. They protected work for the craft within the burghs against outsiders, prevented apprentices from being drawn away from their masters and stopped irregularities and irresponsible craftsmanship amongst their members. An entry fee had to be paid to gain admission into the Incorporation. The son of a burgess paid the lowest fee, the son-in-law of a burgess paid more and a stranger paid the highest fee. Their names would be recorded in the minute books.Trades Incorporations were governed by a Deacon with the aid of a Boxmaster and a council of craftsmen who were elected annually. This group fixed wages and prices and set the rules of conduct for the members of the Incorporation and governed the training and the conduct of apprentices. They held a court which could fine craftsmen for contravening the rules and held the ultimate penalty of expulsion. The Industrial Revolution made the incorporations redundant and they were officially abolished in 1846.
Corporate NameBakers' Incorporation
Add to My Items