Person NameBaillie; Matthew (1761-1823); physician, anatomist
Epithetphysician, anatomist
ActivityMatthew Baillie (1761-1823), physician, was the son of James Baillie (d 1778), minister at Shotts and later professor of Divinity, and Dorothea Hunter (1721-1806). Baillie was educated at Hamilton grammar school and Glasgow University. At 18 he stayed in the London home of his uncle, Dr William Hunter, and attended lectures given by him, whilst studing at Balliol College, Oxford, where he graduated MB. When Baillie was twenty his uncle died, leaving him both his house and the adjoining lecture theatre and museum, and also the family estate in Scotland which Baillie passed over to his other maternal uncle, John Hunter. In 1787 he was elected physician to St George's Hospital, and in 1789 he was awarded an MD and became a fellow of the College of Physicians. He was later elected FRS. He married Sophia Denham and they had two children.

In 1799 he resigned his post at St George's Hospital, gave up lecturing, and concentrated on his private patients and his writing. He became Physician Extraordinary to George III. For the next few years he worked for 16 hours a day and even gave up taking an annual holiday. Baillie died of phthisis, 1823. His publications include: 'Anatomy of the Gravid Uterus', 1794; 'The Morbid Anatomy of some of the most important Parts of the Human Body' (1795); posthumous collected edition of his works, ‘The Works of Matthew Baillie, MD’ (1825)
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