Record

CodeNA11644
Dates1808-1900
Person NameInverness Police Commissioners; 1808-1900
ActivityGlasgow was the first burgh in Scotland to obtain a local act of parliament to establish a police force in 1800. Local police commissioners were to be elected, with powers to provide a police force, and also with responsibility for the cleansing, paving and lighting of the city. This became the model for such bodies elsewhere under various local acts. Inverness obtained a local police act in 1808 and the Town Council acted as police commissioners. From 1833 any existing royal burgh or burgh of barony could establish a police system with similar powers without the need for a local act (3 & 4 Will. IV, c.46). Inverness, however, adopted a further local police act in 1847. The burgh boundaries were extended to parliamentary limits by this act. In 1862 Inverness adopted part of the General Police and Improvement (Scotland) Act, 1862 (25 & 26 Vict., c. 101), thereby repealing the powers of the previous local police acts. There was opposition to the adoption of further parts of the 1862 Act, concerning the increase in powers of assessment, but in 1873 the remainder of its provisions were adopted. These powers were repealed by the Burgh Police (Scotland) Act 1892 (55 & 56 Vict., c 55).The Burgh Police (Scotland) Act 1892 (55 & 56 Vict., c.55) ended the overlap and sometimes friction which had existed between burgh councils and police commissioners by restricting powers to either one or the other. Increased public health powers were provided and only burghs with 7000 or more inhabitants were allowed to retain their police forces. New forces could only be created in burghs with a population of over 20,000. Elsewhere the police authority was to be the county council. Police commissioners were abolished by the Town Councils (Scotland) Act 1900 (63 & 64 Vict., c.49), in favour of the older term of ‘provost, bailies and councillors’.
Corporate NameInverness Police Commissioners
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