Record

CodeNA11443
Dates -1878
JurisdictionTurnpike Trust
Person NameTurnpike Trust; County of Nairn; -1878
ActivityTurnpike roads were roads funded by the collection of tolls at toll bars or turnpikes as they were also known. It was necessary to obtain a local act of parliament to set up a turnpike road. The first such act in Scotland was in 1713 but they did not become widespread until the 1750s. Landowners obtained a local act to form a trust and were able to borrow money, impose tolls, maintain roads and build new ones. A General Turnpike Act in 1831 (1 & 2 Will. IV, c. 43) standardised the powers and functions of the trusts. They were abolished between 1878 and 1883 when the Roads and Bridges (Scotland) Act, 1878 (41 & 41 Vict., c. 51) came into force. This Act replaced all the former highway authorities including the turnpike trustees with a single road trust for each county. Some counties had already formed county road trusts and abolished tolls prior to the 1878 Act.
Corporate NameCounty of Nairn
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