Record

CodeNA11238
Dates1852-1857
Person NameInverness Industrial School; 1852-1857
ActivityIndustrial and ragged schools were charitable institutions established in the 1840s as an alternative to child imprisonment and as a means of providing children with training and education to help them earn a living and keep out of trouble. The earliest of these schools was established by Sheriff Watson in 1841. They were not residential. The children attended the school for 12 hours and in addition to education they were taught skills such as shoemaking, tailoring and printing. In 1847 the Rev Dr Thomas Guthrie, a Church of Scotland minister in Edinburgh founded the Ragged and Industrial School Association. His arguments in establishing such schools were that they prevented begging, reduced the number of children in jails, and helped to make the lives of poor children better. The schools became residential and an Act of Parliament in 1855 authorised the courts to send children to them rather than prison. Until 1933 they were divided into two categories - reformatory and industrial. The purpose of reformatories was correction and the purpose of the industrial was to turn destitute children into respectable and useful citizens. This distinction between the two schools was abolished by the Children and Young Persons Act of 1932 which applied the name of approved to all these establishments.
Corporate NameInverness Industrial School
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