Record

CodeNA10284
Dates1599-1975
Person NameBurgh of Galashiels; 1599-1975
ActivityGalashiels was created a burgh of barony in 1599, in favour of Pringle of Galashiels. A burgh of barony was presided over by a feudal superior who had authority from the Crown to administer justice and to hold barony courts dealing with crimes and matters of good neighbourhood until 1747 and thereafter solely matters of good neighbourhood. A royal burgh holds its charter direct from the crown. They were heavily taxed but were granted various privileges: burgage tenure, representation in parliament, and commercial privileges, especially in foreign trade. Galashiels was created a police burgh in 1864 under the General Police and Improvement (Scotland) Act 1862 (25 & 26 Vict, c 101). Burgh administration was carried out by police commissioners who were responsible for the cleansing, lighting, policing and public health of the burgh. The main early industries in the town were iron founding and woollens. In 1827 Galashiels had a population of 2,000. In 1868 it was constituted a parliamentary burgh. The arrival of the railway stimulated growth and by 1894 the population was over 17,000. Later industries to develop have been software, leather and food. The population in 2001 was 13,500. Under the Town Councils (Scotland) Act 1900 (63 & 64 Vict, c 49) the police commissioners were replaced by Galashiels Town Council in January 1901. Galashiels Town Council was abolished in 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c 65). Its powers were assumed by Borders Regional Council and Peeblesshire District Council. These in turn were replaced by Scottish Borders Council in 1996 under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994 (c 39).
Corporate NameBurgh of Galashiels
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