Record

CodeNA9314
Person NameSutherland-Leveson-Gower family; family
Epithetfamily
ActivityElizabeth Gordon (1765-1839), Countess of Sutherland, married George Leveson Gower (d 1833), Viscount Trentham, and eldest son of Granville, Earl Gower, on 4 September 1785. He was created 1st Duke of Sutherland on 28 January 1833 and died in the same year. In 1790 he became French Ambassador and went to Paris. In 1791 he and the countess assisted King Louis XVI of France (1754-1793) and the royal family in an attempted escape from France. They themselves were arrested and subsequently released. In 1793 when France declared war the Countess raised the Sutherland Fencibles (later the 93rd Sutherland Highlanders). In 1820 the Duke initiated the most notorious of the Highland Clearances, evicting and resettling thousands of Sutherland families. In 1823 the Duke succeeded his father and became the Marquess of Stafford. He died in 1822 and was buried in Dornoch Cathedral. The Countess of Sutherland died in 1839. George Granville Leveson Gower (1786-1861), 2nd Duke and 18th Earl of Sutherland, was the eldest son of the above. He was born in London in 1786 and educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford. He was member of parliament for St Mawes, 1808-1812, for Newcastle-under-Lyne, 1812-1815, for Staffordshire, 1815-1820. He succeeded his father as the 2nd Duke of Sutherland in 1833 and succeeded his mother as Earl of Sutherland in 1839. In 1841 he obtained a royal licence to change his name to Sutherland-Leveson-Gower. He died on 22 February 1861. His eldest son and successor, Sir George Granville William Sutherland (1828-1892), 3rd Duke and 19th Earl of Sutherland, was educated at Eton and King's College, London. He was member of parliament for Sutherland 1852-1861 and Lord Lieutenant of the Cromartie in 1853 and of Sutherland in 1861. He was lieutenant-colonel of the 1st Sutherland Rifle Volunteers and in 1864 entertained Guiseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882), for which he was knighted. He died at Dunrobin on 22 September 1892. His second son, Cromartie (1851-1913) succeeded him as the 4th duke of Sutherland. He was member of parliament for Sutherland, 1874-1886. His eldest son and successor was Sir George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower (1888-1963). He succeeded his father as 5th duke in 1913. He was knighted in 1929 and in 1936 became a Privy Councillor. He was Commander of the 4/5th Seaforth Highlanders and died in 1963 without issue. His cousin, John Sutherland Egerton (b 1915) 5th Earl of Ellesmere, inherited the dukedom and his niece Elisabeth Sutherland-Leveson-Gower (b 1921) inherited the earldom as 24th Countess of Sutherland.
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