Record

CodeNA8942
Person NameFleming; family; Wigtown; Earl of Wigtown and Lord Fleming
Epithetfamily
ActivityWigtown is on the coast of Galloway, south west Scotland. It became a royal burgh in 1292. Malcolm Fleming (fl 1341), was the eldest son of Robert Fleming (fl 1290-c 1314). He was created Earl of Wigtown in 1341. His grandson Thomas Fleming (fl 1351-1372), 2nd Earl of Wigtown, was held hostage for the imprisoned David II (1324-1371), when he was allowed to visit his kingdom in 1351. He was granted the Earldom of Wigtown in February 1371/1372 which had been held in suspension for a period. He granted the Earldom to Sir James Lyndsey, Knight in February 1371/1372 and died without issue. Robert (d 1491), 1st Lord Fleming, was the second son of Sir Malcolm Fleming of Biggar and Cumbernauld, (d 1440). He was created Lord Fleming, Peer of Parliament in 1451. John (d 1524), 2nd Lord Fleming, succeeded his grandfather Robert (d 1491), 1st Lord Fleming, opposed James III (1460-1488) and was amongst the nobles who seized his son and proclaimed him James IV in 1488. John Fleming was assassinated on 1 November 1524 whilst hawking by John Tweedie of Drumelzier and others. John (d 1572), 5th Lord Fleming, was the second son of Malcolm (c 1494-1560 x 1564), 3rd Lord Fleming. He succeeded his brother, James (d 1558), 4th Lord Fleming, and in 1565 was appointed Great Chamberlain of Scotland for life and Master Usher of Her Majesty's Chambers. He was at the Palace of Holyrood when David Rizzio (? 1533-1566) was murdered in 1566. He also accompanied Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) on her flight to England in 1568. He returned to Scotland and his estates were forfeited by parliament in 1569. He died from an accidental wound in 1572. John Fleming (1567-1619), 1st Earl of Wigtown and 6th Lord Fleming, was born in 1567, the eldest son of John (d 1572), 5th Lord Fleming. In 1579 he was restored to his father's forfeited estates and on 19 March 1606/1607, was created Earl of Wigtown, Lord Fleming and Cumbernauld. John Fleming (d 1665), 3rd Earl of Wigtown and 8th Lord Fleming, fought with James Graham (1612-1650), 5th Earl and 1st Marquess of Montrose at the battle of Philiphaugh in 1645 where they were defeated by the parliamentarians. Fleming subsequently went into hiding in the Highlands. He died in 1665. John Fleming (c 1673-1744), 6th Earl of Wigtown and 11th Lord Fleming, was the eldest son of William Fleming (d 1681), 5th Earl of Wigtown and 10th Lord Fleming. In 1706 he opposed the Treaty of Union and, following the Jacobite rebellion of 1715, was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle as a suspect. He was freed in 1716. In 1736 he became the King's Chamberlain of Fife. He died on 10 February 1744 without male issue and was succeeded by his brother. Charles Fleming (c 1675-1747), 7th Earl of Wigtown and 12th Lord Fleming, died unmarried on 16 May 1747 and the Earldom became extinct.
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