Record

CodeNA7558
Dates1682-1875
Person NameBrechin Convenor of the Incorporated Trades; 1682-1875
ActivityThe Convenor's Court was the court for the incorporated trades of Brechin. It was a means to allow all of the deacons of the incorporated trades to meet and as such was a forum for discussion of the role of trades. This role gradually declined so that the annual meeting eventually consisted of the election of the convenor and the annual dinner.The power to grant incorporated status to trades rested with the magistrates of royal burghs. An incorporated trade was granted the right to monopolise and control their trade within the burgh. They set strict guidelines controlling workmanship within the Incorporation. They protected work for the craft within the burghs against outsiders, prevented apprentices from being drawn away from their masters, and stopped irregularities and irresponsible craftsmanship amongst their members.An entry fee had to be paid to gain admission to the Incorporation. The son of a burgess paid the lowest fee, the son-in-law of a burgess paid more and a stranger paid the highest fee. Their names would be recorded in the minute books.Trades Incorporations were governed by a Deacon with the aid of a Boxmaster and a council of craftsmen who were elected annually. This group fixed wages and prices, set rules of conduct for the members of the Incorporation and governed the training and the conduct of apprentices. They held a court which could fine craftsmen for contravening the rules and held the ultimate penalty of expulsion. The Industrial Revolution made the Incorporations redundant and they were officially abolished in 1846.
Corporate NameBrechin Convenor of the Incorporated Trades
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