|Activity||The parish of Winchburgh was established in 1904 when it was disjoined from Kirkliston and Dalmeny and erected quoad sacra, by decreet of the Court of Teinds. The church which came to serve as the parish church of Winchburgh had been erected a number of years prior in 1891. In 1946, following the union of the Church of Scotland and the United Free Church in 1929, Winchburgh Parish Church united with the former United Free Church congregation of Abercorn South and Winchburgh. After the union the charge continued under the name of Winchburgh and a link was later established in 1965 with Pardovan and Kingscavil. In 1997 the link with Pardovan and Kingscavil was dissolved in favour of a union between the parishes, under the name of Pardovan, Kingscavil and Winchburgh. The kirk session sat within the Presbytery of Linlithgow, later of Linlithgow and Falkirk and, following the restructuring of the Presbyteries in 1976, it became part of the Presbytery of West Lothian. |
Each congregation of the Church of Scotland has a Kirk Session, which comprises the minister(s) and the ruling elders, all members of the Session (including the minister) being elders. The elders' duty is care for the spiritual needs of the congregation; each of them has a district of the parish assigned to him/her. The Kirk Session determines the number of elders. The minister is moderator of the Session, and there is a clerk who has custody of all the Session's records. There may also be a treasurer, and an officer or beadle. The Session must have maintained a communion roll, containing the names and addresses of the communicant church members within the parish.
The Kirk Session's duties are to maintain good order amongst its congregation (including administering discipline and superintending the moral and religious condition of the parish), and to implement the Acts of the General Assembly. The Kirk Session is at the base of the pyramid of church courts, and it is subject to the review of the Presbytery in which it is situated, and to the superior courts of the Church. Each Kirk Session elects one of its number to represent it at the Presbytery (and formerly at the Synod).
Into the 19th century, there used to be weekly collections made for the support of the poor, but as the state began to assume responsibility for their support (by means of taxation) so funds collected from communicants might be directed to special schemes (eg support of missionaries), more recently through a weekly freewill offering scheme. Seat or pew rents were also quite common (money paid for a fixed seat in a church), but declined rapidly from the 1950s. Many congregations now have a congregational board, which monitors income and expenditure. Former Free Church congregations often had Deacons' Courts, which had responsibility for the whole property of the congregation, and had to apply spiritual principles in the conduct of their affairs.