Record

CodeNA6658
Dates1838-1922
Person NameBryce; James (1838-1922); Viscount Bryce; historian and statesman
SurnameBryce
ForenamesJames
TitleViscount Bryce
Epithethistorian and statesman
ActivityJames Bryce, Viscount Bryce (1838-1922), historian, was educated at Glasgow High School, Belfast Academy, Glasgow University and Trinity College, Oxford. He was a fellow of Oriel College, 1862-1889 and was called to the bar, 1867. He joined the northern circuit and practised until 1882. Bryce was assistant commissioner on the Schools Enquiry Commission, 1865-1866, and lectured in law at Manchester University, 1868-1874. He was Regius Professor of Civil Law at Oxford, 1870-1893. Bryce served as an MP for Tower Hamlets, 1880-1885 and Aberdeen, 1885-1906, and was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Bryce served as President of the Board of Trade, 1894; Chairman of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education, 1894-1895; Chief secretary for Ireland, 1905-1906; and Ambassador in Washington, 1907-1913. He was a member of the Hague Tribunal in 1914 and in that year was created a viscount. Bryce spent the remainder of his career work ing towards the development of the League of Nations and on reform of the House of Lords.

Bryce travelled to America, 1870, 1881, 1883, and 1888; Russia, 1876; India, 1888-1889; and Africa, 1895. He was founder and first president of the Anglo-Armenian Society and was awarded degrees from 31 universities. He became FRS, 1893; FBA, 1902; OM, 1907. Bryce's publications include: 'Transcaucasia and Ararat (1877); 'The American Commonwealth' (1888); 'Impressions of South Africa' (1897); 'Modern Democracies' (1921).
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