|Activity||James Bryce, Viscount Bryce (1838-1922), historian, was educated at Glasgow High School, Belfast Academy, Glasgow University and Trinity College, Oxford. He was a fellow of Oriel College, 1862-1889 and was called to the bar, 1867. He joined the northern circuit and practised until 1882. Bryce was assistant commissioner on the Schools Enquiry Commission, 1865-1866, and lectured in law at Manchester University, 1868-1874. He was Regius Professor of Civil Law at Oxford, 1870-1893. Bryce served as an MP for Tower Hamlets, 1880-1885 and Aberdeen, 1885-1906, and was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Bryce served as President of the Board of Trade, 1894; Chairman of the Royal Commission on Secondary Education, 1894-1895; Chief secretary for Ireland, 1905-1906; and Ambassador in Washington, 1907-1913. He was a member of the Hague Tribunal in 1914 and in that year was created a viscount. Bryce spent the remainder of his career work ing towards the development of the League of Nations and on reform of the House of Lords.|
Bryce travelled to America, 1870, 1881, 1883, and 1888; Russia, 1876; India, 1888-1889; and Africa, 1895. He was founder and first president of the Anglo-Armenian Society and was awarded degrees from 31 universities. He became FRS, 1893; FBA, 1902; OM, 1907. Bryce's publications include: 'Transcaucasia and Ararat (1877); 'The American Commonwealth' (1888); 'Impressions of South Africa' (1897); 'Modern Democracies' (1921).