Record

CodeNA6463
Person NameShire of Edinburgh Turnpike Trustees
ActivityTurnpike roads were roads funded by the collection of tolls at toll bars or turnpikes, as they were also known. Local landowners would obtain an act of parliament for specific roads (either existing or proposed). The trustees would be empowered to borrow money, impose tolls, maintain roads and build new ones. The first such act in Scotland was in 1713 but they did not become widespread until the 1750s. A General Turnpike Act in 1831 (1 & 2 Will. IV, c.43) standardised the powers and functions of turnpike trusts. They were abolished between 1878 and 1883 when the Roads and Bridges (Scotland) Act 1878 (41 & 42 Vict., c.51) came into force. This Act replaced all the former highway authorities in landward areas, including the turnpike trusts, with a single road trust for each county. Several counties had already formed county road trusts and abolished tolls prior to the 1878 Act. The importance of Edinburgh meant that means always had to be established to maintain roads leading into the city. Acts were passed at regular intervals from 1714 for erection of turnpikes and levying of tolls, although the passage of traffic was such that maintenance of roads was a great burden on the trustees. The County of Edinburgh Turnpike Roads Act 1835 (5 & 6 Will. IV, ch.lxii) divided the county into eight districts overseen by trustees who were to survey and repair the roads within their area, and levy tolls for the roads' upkeep.
Corporate NameShire of Edinburgh Turnpike Trustees
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