Record

CodeNA10320
Dates1720-1788
Person NameStuart; Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir (1720-1788); Prince
SurnameStuart
ForenamesCharles Edward Louis Philip Casimir
EpithetPrince
ActivityPrince Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart, eldest son of James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender or James III, and of the Princess Clementine, a daughter of Prince James Sobieski, was born at Rome on 31 December 1720. He is commonly styled Bonnie Prince Charlie or the Young Pretender. His main claim to long-lasting fame was his leadership of the Jacobite rebellion of 1745-46, which aimed at reinstating the Stuarts as kings of Great Britain but which ended in inglorious failure at the battle of Culloden in April 1746. He spent the majority of his life abroad, becoming titular king as succeeding to his father on his death in 1766. After the failure of the '45 he became increasingly dependent on alcohol which alienated his followers. He died at Rome on 31 January 1788.
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