Record

CodeNA10318
Dates1688-1766
Person NameStuart; James Francis Edward (1688-1766); Prince of Wales
SurnameStuart
ForenamesJames Francis Edward
EpithetPrince of Wales
ActivityJames Francis Edward Stuart, prince of Wales, known as the Chevalier de St. George, and also as the Old Pretender (and sometimes as James III), only son of King James II with his second wife, Mary of Modena, was born at St. James's Palace, London, on 10 June 1688. He was smuggled to France on the deposition of his father that year. He was rarely in Britain thereafter, although he did participate in the Jacobite rebellion of 1715. He was in Scotland for a matter of months only before returning to France. He finally settled in Rome, and on 28 May 1719 married Clementina Sobieski, with whom he had two sons. He neglected his wife, on account of which she retired to a nunnery in 1725. Their eldest son, Prince Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie), unsuccessfully attempted to reclaim the throne of Great Britain for the Stuarts in the Jacobite rebellion of 1745-46. He died at Rome on 1 January 1766.
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