|Collection||GB 0231 University of Aberdeen, Special Collections|
|Ref No||MS 471|
|Title||David Skene. M.D.: Descriptions of Botanical Specimens|
|Extent||3 boxes: 0.99 linear metres|
|Creator Name||David Skene (1731 - 1770), M.D., of Aberdeen |
|Administrative History||David Skene was baptised on 13 August 1731, the son of Andrew Skene and Margaret, daughter of David Lumsden of Cushnie. His family owned the mansion house of Pitmuxton in Aberdeen and Skene was one of 8 children.|
He attended school in the town and graduated MA from Marischal College in 1748. He continued his education in Edinburgh where he studied under John Rutherford (1695-1779) and Alexander Monro primus (1697-1767) before travelling to London where he trained in midwifery, studying under William Smellie (1697-1763). He completed his education in Paris before returning to Aberdeen.
In 1753 he received the degree of MD from King's College, Aberdeen. He established midwifery training in Aberdeen and went into practice with his father. His practice was extensive and his case notes show that he vaccinated children against smallpox and also experimented with measles vaccinations. He also became the manager of Aberdeen Infirmary.
He was proposed for university chairs at various times in his career - once in Glasgow, once in Aberdeen and once in Edinburgh - but he never held a university chair although he was elected Dean of Faculty at Marischal College from 1767 annually until his death three years later.
He was a member of the Gordon's Mill Farming Club; the Edinburgh Philosophical Society, and a founder member of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society. He was a polymath with interests in botany, natural history, philosophy and mineralogy as well as medicine and he corresponded with leading contemporary scholars in these fields.
He died in Aberdeen on 27 December 1770.
|Custodial History||Skene's papers passed to his grand-nephew, Alexander Thomson of Banchory, who transcribed some and had the majority bound in quarter calf volumes. It is believed that he bequeathed the collection to the University Library on his death in 1868. Transcriptions and indexes of some of the papers were compiled at a later date, and these are included in the collection (see Description and Publication Note for further details). |
Several of Thomson's volumes have been disbound since their deposit in the University Library, and are now stored as loose papers or pamphlets.
|Description||Botanical Descriptions by David Skene, 1766.|
The notes are mainly in Latin.
|Appraisal||This material has been appraised in line with normal procedures.|
|Access Conditions||The records are available subject to the signed acceptance of the Department's access conditions.|
|Related Material||MS 37: Discourses of David Skene, 1750 - 1780|
MS 38: David Skene Correspondence, 1751 - 1770
MS 39: Transcripts of the Correspondence of David Skene (MS 38) by Professor J. Trail, c 1892.
MS: 40: Transcripts of the Correspondence of David Skene (MS 38) by Professor J. Trail, c 1892.
MS 501: Lexicon of Medical Terms, mid 18th century
MS 540: Notes of Discourses in the Philosophical Society of Aberdeen by David Skene, 1741 - c1770
MS 539 and 597: Records of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society
MS 30 and 555: Papers of James Beattie
MS 2360, 2131 and 3061: Papers of Thomas Reid
MS 851 - 871 and 3083: Papers of James Trail
|Publication Note||Letters and Papers of Dr David Skene, 1731-1770. Northern Scotland, Volume 1, Number 1 (1972), pp.115-7.|
Alexander Thomson, 'A brief biographical sketch of David Skene', in 'Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal', 2nd ser., 5 (Oct 1859). It should be noted that some of the original papers referred to by Thomson have not been discovered in the collection listed here.
'Natural Science in the Aberdeen Universities', James W.H. Trail, in 'Studies in the History of the University', ed. by P.J. Anderson (Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1906), pp. 147-200. This paper contains a short biography of Skene, in the context of his position as Dean of Faculty at Marischal College.
Ella Hill Burton Rodger, 'Aberdeen Doctors at Home and Abroad: the narrative of a medical school', (Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1893). This account was based largely on Thomson and Trail's work.
James Trail, 'Flora of Aberdeen', in James William Helenus 'Trail: A Memorial Volume', Aberdeen Natural History and Antiquarian Society, 4 (Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1923).
Bernhard Fabian, 'David Skene and the Aberdeen Philosophical Society', in 'The Bibliotheck', 5 (1967 - 1970), 81-99.
'Minutes of the Aberdeen Philosophical Society, 1758 - 1773', ed. by H. Lewis Ulman, Aberdeen University: Studies 158 (Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1990)
|Related Record||MS 472|